What is a Fuel Injection System in Motorcycles? What are its advantages and disadvantages?
In April 2020, India’s emission standards will be Bharat Stage 6. This resulted in converting all motorcycles and scooters to fuel injection, doing away with traditional carburetors.
Carburetors are no longer required in vehicles thanks to a technology known as fuel injection. In the intake manifold, this technique, or fuel delivery, allows the engine to supply fuel directly to the cylinders.
Fuel Injection System: What Is It?
Motorcycle fuel injection systems are similar to other automotive fuel injection systems. They fit the following definition. Using fuel injectors, a fuel injection method injects gasoline into the engine’s combustion chamber. The motorcycle or car’s ECU (Engine Control Unit) manages the procedure. Carburetors and engines with fuel injection that resembles a carburetor are no longer used.
In fuel injection technology, the cylinder in the intake chamber receives fuel directly. Such engines contain sensors that control and maintain the flow of fuel injected at the proper rate. The likelihood of a breakdown and a chock is greatly diminished as long as the electrical sensors function properly. Even the fuel injecting systems come in various forms, including single-point and throttle body systems.
Unlike single-point systems, which draw fuel from a single injector, the throttle body system draws gasoline from the throttle body directly into the intake chamber. Regardless of the fuel injection system employed, they produce a ride that is generally more engaging and has a crisper throttle response. Systems for fuel injection also increase fuel efficiency.
How Does Fuel Injection System Work?
A fuel injection system is composed of fuel injectors and a fuel pump. The bike’s pump begins to operate when the throttle is turned. After then, the pump feeds fuel to the injectors. The injectors then inject the gasoline into the combustion chamber.
With this setup, the injectors serve purposes other than just supplying fuel to the combustion chamber. Moreover, the injectors atomize the gasoline, ensuring efficient combustion and minimal fuel waste.
What Makes A Fuel-Injected Engine Different From A Carburetted Engine?
The key variations between a carbureted and a fuel-injected engine are as follows:
- The suction created by the incoming air stream from the environment powers a carburetor. The technique is made possible by the presence of a venturi tube. The venturi tube pulls the fuel using the vacuum the incoming air stream created.
- A fuel injection system uses tiny injector nozzles to deliver fuel that has been atomized through high pressure created by its pump.
Fuel Injection Method: Advantages and Disadvantages
Fuel Injection Technique: Advantages
- For just a fuel injection system, setup is easy.
- It will adjust the amount of fuel given to the cylinders by using multiple sensors to detect various changes, such as altitude, throttle position, and weather conditions. This maximizes the engine’s efficiency and power.
- Easier to begin, particularly during the difficult winter season.
- Precise, continuous, and accurate fueling of the engine.
- Precise throttle response and choices for customization.
- There is no need to modify them based on the circumstances.
- Reduces unnecessary fuel usage.
- Because of the atomization that occurs when the fuel moves through the cylinder, it burns effectively.
- When using a fuel injection method, there is no need for routine maintenance.
- Greater compression ratios are possible when fuel injection is used.
- There will be quick and efficient vehicle pickup.
Fuel Injection Technique: Disadvantages
- You cannot use leaded fuel with an electronic fuel injector.
- The lifespan of this mechanism is typically shorter than that of carburetors.
- A carburetor upgrade is much less expensive than a fuel injection system.
- Compared to carburetors, fuel injector repair is more difficult.
- A carburetor will have a better Air-Fuel Ratio and Mix than a direct injection system.
- There may be more unburned hydrocarbons.
- A carburetor will have a better air-fuel ratio and mix than a direct injection system.
- More hydrocarbons that haven’t been burned may exist.
- The gasoline injector unit requires laborious maintenance.
- The bike will stop functioning if the ECU malfunctions.
- Purchasing the latest oil maps is an expensive endeavor.
- The requirement for separate header tanks or gasoline return connections to the current tank.
- The steel fuel lines above the engine may have a possible vapor lock, which would make starting a hot engine challenging.
The explanation makes it evident that fuel injection technology is the present and the future. Carburetors are also nearly extinct due to the change from Bharat Stage 4 to direct Bharat Stage 6 emission requirements. Fuel injectors are now included in even the most affordable entry-level motorcycles and scooters.